I AM WATER CONSCIOUS

The intricate nature of managing water - from procuring, purifying, supplying, distributing, collecting and treating waste water, safe disposal of used water involve numerous stakeholders having different requirements, restrictions, exposure and support.
There exists a huge gap in knowledge and resource sharing of water issues at all levels today. It is crucial to build support networks by aligning with water entrepreneurs, water clusters, associations, utilities, policy makers, environmentalists and organizations to share innovative solutions, programs, networks and resources. 

I am Water Conscious Parameters are made for the following stakeholders Resident Welfare Association (RWA), Construction sites, Industries, Factories, Schools and Government Offices. The motive behind this is to make every stakeholder conscious about the various norms which are provided by the various Government Department to use the water in an appropriate manner to conserve this precious natural resource.  

RESIDENT WELFARE ASSOCIATION :

1. Source of Water Supply
    

   ● Source of water supply will be the surface water, ground water and recycled water. Fresh water supply will be distributed by the PHED/HUDA/MCG through the piped network with a metered system setup at each door step.
 

   ● If a person/ society/ RWAs extract groundwater without taking prime permission from Central Ground Water Authority, then it will attract legal action under

Section 15 to 21 of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

2. Total Consumption per head per day
    

   ● As per BIS, for residential buildings with a population of 20,000- 1,00,000 the per capita consumption is 100-150 lpcd and for those with population above 1,00,000 the consumption is 150-200 lpcd. 
 

   ● For RWAs water consumption per day is 135 lpcd as per National Building Code, 2016

   ● As per Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organization (CPHEEO) Manual on Water Supply and Treatment-1999

3. Rainwater Harvesting
    

As per Model Building Bye-Law, 2016, Town and Country Planning Organisation and Haryana Building Code, 2017   

   ●  All buildings having plot size of 100 sq.m. or more, while submitting the building plans for sanction, shall mandatorily include the complete proposal of rainwater harvesting. A rainwater system consists of :

  1. Roof catchment

  2. Gutters

  3. Down pipes

  4. Rainwater/Storm water drains

  5. Filter chamber

  6. Storage tanks/pits/sumps

  7. Ground water structure like pit, trench, tubewell or combination of above structure


     

   ● In the areas specified by the competent Authority, through a notification arrangement of roof rainwater harvesting within the plot shall have to be made by the plot owner, constructing the building on the plot where the area of the rooftop is 100 sq.m.

   ● Groundwater Recharge

❖    Recharging of groundwater shall be mandatory not only for residential buildings but for all types of buildings, including Group Housing Societies having plot area more than 500 sq.m. and above.
 

❖    The groundwater recharge shall be mandatory for open spaces like parks, parking, plazas, playgrounds and other common areas. The harvesting and recharge structures could be constructed by the Authority with the involvement of community based organisations like Resident Welfare Associations.

Note : As per EIA Notification, 2006 it is essential to provide rainwater harvesting or storage systems to capture at least 50% of the runoff volume from the roof surfaces.

          - Rainwater can be harvested to the extent of 55,000 litres per 100 sq.m. area per year from rooftops.

 


 

4. Plumbing and Sanitary Fixtures
    

As per EIA Guidance Manual, 2010 (MoEF&CC) RWA should have water saving devices/fixtures, about 40% of all water used indoors is in the bathroom and toilets and more than 10% of that used is in the kitchen. The conventional fixtures used in toilets use water at the rate 12-15 litres per flush.   

   ●  RWAs should have dual plumbing system
 

   ● Aerators should be installed at each water tap to reduce the water usage

   ● RWAs have dual pipe plumbing for using recycled water/ rainwater. One supplies fresh water for drinking, cooking, bathing etc. and the other supplies recycled water/ rainwater for flushing, irrigation, car washing, thermal conditioning etc

 


 

5. Recycled Water
    

As per EIA Guidance Manual, 2010 (MoEF&CC) RWA should have water saving devices/fixtures, about 40% of all water used indoors is in the bathroom and toilets and more than 10% of that used is in the kitchen. The conventional fixtures used in toilets use water at the rate 12-15 litres per flush.   

   ●  As per the Haryana Building Code, all buildings having a minimum discharge of 50,000 litres and above per day shall incorporate wastewater recycling system. The recycled water shall be used for horticulture, flushing and cooling tower purposes. 
 

   ● RWAs should have decentralized wastewater treatment systems to treat their wastewater within their premise and use the treated water within the premise for flushing, irrigation, car washing, thermal conditioning etc. 

   ● As per EIA Notification, 2006, all construction projects should have decentralised wastewater treatment facilities if the area is equal to and more than 20,000 sq.m.
 

   ● As per BIS 150-200 litres per head per day, 45 litres per head per day for flushing requirements and the remaining quantity for other domestic purposes. The water requirement to flush should be met by treated water.


 

6. Water Pricing
    

As per National Water Policy, 2012 

   ● Pricing of water should ensure its efficient use and reward conservation. Equitable access to water for all and its fair pricing, for drinking and other uses such as sanitation, agricultural, and industrial purposes.

   ● Recycle and reuse of water, after treatment to specified standards, should also be incentivized through a properly planned tariff system.


 

CORPORATES/INSTITUTIONS/OFFICES :

1. Source of Water Supply

   ● Source of water supply will be the surface water, ground water and recycled water. Fresh water supply will be distributed by the PHED / HUDA / MCG through the piped network with a metered system setup at each door step. 

   ●  Any Corporate/Institution/Office will not extract groundwater without taking prior permission from Central Ground Water Authority if a Corporate / Institution / Office found to do so it should punishable as per Section 15 to 21 of EPA, 1986. 


 

2. Total Consumption per head per day
    

   ● As per Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organization (CPHEEO) Manual on Water Supply and Treatment-1999

 

  • Facebook Social Icon
  • Instagram
  • Twitter
  • LinkedIn Social Icon

©2019 GuruJal
Image Source:
www.pexel.com, www.freepik.com